Breathing Exercises for Patients with COPD – COPD disease or Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a disease that affects the respiratory system which can make it difficult for sufferers to breathe.
Do you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? This inflammatory condition of the airways of the lungs is often associated with other respiratory conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Common symptoms of COPD include:
- Chest tightness
- Hard to breathe
- A large amount of mucus or mucus that collects in the lungs
At this time, there is no cure for COPD. However, apart from treatment from a doctor, breathing exercises can help manage symptoms in everyday life.
By practicing it regularly, your breathing will not be too drained when you are doing activities or exercising, so you will be more energetic. Ready to train? Here are five effective breathing exercises for COPD patients, make you more fit!
1. Pursed lips
First, you can try pursed lips practice. As the name suggests, when doing this exercise, your lips are in a pursed position. It is known, pursed lips can reduce the burden of breathing during activity, release air in the lungs, relax breathing, and reduce shortness of breath.
In order for the benefits to be felt, we recommend doing this exercise 4-5 times a day, especially if you often do strenuous activities. Here are the steps for pursed lips:
With your lips tightly closed, inhale through your nose for a count of two
Pucker your lips, like when you want to whistle or blow out a candle
With pursed lips, exhale slowly for a count of four
2. Coordinated breathing
Symptoms of shortness of breath due to COPD can cause anxiety, which can actually make you hold your breath. To prevent this, you can practice coordinated breathing techniques.
If there is anxiety or you are exercising, this technique is very helpful. Follow these steps:
Inhale through your nose before starting to exercise
If you are exercising, exhale through pursed lips as you reach the hardest part of a workout. For example, when the body curls up during sit-ups
3. Deep breathing
Deep breathing techniques are useful so that air is not trapped in the lungs, the main reason why shortness of breath occurs. With this technique, you can breathe fresher air.
You can combine deep breathing exercises with the other techniques on this list. This exercise can be done for 10 minutes, 3-4 times a day.
How to practice deep breathing techniques is to:
Sit or stand with your elbows slightly pulled back. That way, the chest expands more
Take a deep breath through your nose. Hold your breath for a count of 5
Exhale deeply and slowly through your nose, until you feel that the air that was drawn has been completely released
4. Huff cough
For COPD patients, mucus or mucus builds up in the lungs more quickly. Well, the huff cough technique is a breathing exercise designed to help you get rid of mucus effectively without making you feel too tired.
As the name suggests, huff cough goes hand in hand with coughing. Unlike the usual cough, this cough is not hard, so you are not tired, to expel mucus in your lungs. Here’s a method of training the huff cough:
Sit comfortably and inhale through your mouth, slightly deeper than when taking a normal breath
Move your abdominal muscles to let out the air in three even breaths while making a “ha, ha, ha” sound like when you are checking for bad breath.
5. Diaphragmatic breathing
The diaphragm is one of the important muscles involved in the performance of the human respiratory system. However, COPD patients tend to force the neck, shoulder, and back muscles to breathe, not the diaphragm.
Therefore, diaphragmatic breathing or abdominal breathing techniques help retrain the diaphragm muscles to work more effectively. Here’s how to do it:
Sit or lie down with relaxed shoulders. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your stomach
Inhale through your nose for 2 seconds, feel your stomach move outward. If you do this technique correctly, the stomach is more active than the chest
Pucker your lips and exhale slowly through your mouth. Gently press on the stomach with the other hand. This will increase the diaphragm’s ability to release air
Repeat this exercise as best you can…